EFFECT OF SIMULATION STRATEGY ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS PERFORMACE IN CIVIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA
EFFECT OF SIMULATION STRATEGY ON PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS PERFORMACE IN CIVIC EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

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B. BABO
Department of Education
Yobe State University, Damaturu
08063852475/nguruyobe@2014@gmail.com

Abstract
The study examined the effect of simulation game strategy on pupils’ performance in civic education in primary schools. The study adopted quasi-experimental design using a total of 24,998 pupils in Yobe State as the population of the study, with 87 as sample size selected purposively from experimental and control schools respectively. Data was
collected using teacher made test titled ‘Civic Education Performance Test (CEPT)’. The instrument was validated, pilot tested, analyzed using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC/PPMR) and found reliable at 0.74. The data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics of mean and standard deviation and inferential statistics of independent t-test. Findings of the study revealed that pupils taught civic education using simulation game instructional strategy performed significantly better than those taught using conventional method of teaching in primary schools in Yobe State and simulation game instructional strategy improve the performance both male and female taught civic education in primary schools. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended that civic education teachers should make use of simulation game instructional strategy since it was found suitable for teaching-learning and capable of yielding positive pupils’ academic performance and pupils of both gender should be
taught civic education using simulation game strategy with due consideration to suitability of the lessons’ contents.
Key words: Effect, Simulation Game Strategy, Civic Education, Pupils’ Performance