FACTORS AFFECTING THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY
FACTORS AFFECTING THE USE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT) IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF BIOLOGY


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1Folasade Oluyemisi OLAYINKA & 2Peter Eson MUSA
1Department of Science Education,
Federal University, Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria.
folasade.olayinka@fuoye.edu.ng
2Government Secondary School, Karshi- Abuja, FCT
petermusaeson@gmail.com
Abstract
The study investigated factors affecting the use of information and communication technology (ICT) in teaching and learning of Biology in senior secondary schools in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was used. Two research questions were raised. The population of the study comprised all senior secondary schools in Ekiti State. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 40 Biology teachers and 64 Biology students in Ekiti State. The instrument for data collection from the respondents was a structured questionnaire designed separately for each of the teachers and students for data collection. For the reliability of the instrument a coefficient of 0.82 was obtained. Percentages, means and standard deviations were used in statistical analysis of the data collected. The finding of this study reveals that lack of effective training, background knowledge in ICT, irregular power supply are factors affecting the use of ICT in teaching and learning of Biology in senior secondary schools. Other factors include high cost of ICT facilities, poor of Internet connectivity, teachers’ incompetence in the use of ICT, lack of access to ICT resources, teachers’ lack of confidence, lack of computerized library, lack of motivation, and inadequate time to allow for ICT use in the of teaching and learning of biology in Ekiti State senior secondary schools. Thus, it was recommended that government should organize ICT conferences, workshops and seminars for biology teachers and make sure that all biology teachers attend these training programmes mandatorily and that government should provide adequate and functional ICT facilities in the senior secondary schools in order to motivate teachers.
Key Words: Biology, Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), Teaching, Learning